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The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead

Discover the truth behind mineral water, and how to avoid being misled. Uncover the myths and uncover the facts about your drinking water today. Read ON! #StayInspiredOnTheGo 
The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead
Water is important and is one of the essential elements of human existence. Although in the modern era misuse of water bodies and industrial development have polluted the water. As a result, installing a water purifier has become a necessity rather than a luxury.

But with so many options available in the market with every brand claiming their technology to be the best, it becomes really hard to choose a water purifier which could give clean water like branded bottled water. Let's briefly discuss the water purification technologies available in the Indian market:

The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead
1. REVERSE OSMOSIS (RO):
For most people, a water purifier means RO. It is a powerful technology that can purify the most contaminated, even salty water in just one go. In the RO system, water passes through a semi-permeable membrane with a pore diameter of 0.0001 microns.

This allows only water to pass through it. This minute filtration removes 90% of impurities, heavy metals, microorganisms, and minerals. After this, what you get is pure, sweet, transparent, and demineralized water.

2. NANO FILTRATION (NF):
NF and RO technologies work on a similar principle, the only difference being pore size. In NF the pore diameter is 0.001 microns. It removes heavy metals, turbidity, and chemicals but unlike RO, it doesn't change the mineral content of the water.

The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead

3. ULTRA FILTRATION (UF):
This technology filters water without the use of electricity. In this, the water passes through a hollow fiber membrane with a pore size of 0.01 microns. This also removes impurities without changing the mineral content of the water.

UF is much cheaper but its downside is that it can't be used for very hard water.

4. UV CHAMBER:

The above three technologies can remove the solid and chemical impurities but may not be able to kill the tiny microorganisms.

This is why water purifiers are recommended to use with UV chambers.

How to determine which technology is best for you?

All you need is a TDS METER.

The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead


TDS stands for Total Dissolved Solids which is the measure of dissolved minerals, salts, metals, and impurities in the water.

As TDS also includes the naturally occurring minerals in water like calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, so, the lower the TDS, the better the water is not true as most people think. According to the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), water with TDS up to 500 is safe for human consumption.

The ideal range of TDS lies between 100 to 300. TDS between 300 to 500 is acceptable but TDS less than 100 is not ideal as it is devoid of most minerals. Packaged water, which is consumed thinking it to be mineral water has a very low TDS. This is because most companies are giving you sweet, demineralized RO water as Mineral water.

You can check it yourself:

Bisleri- TDS = 74- Not bad

Kinley- TDS = 24- Bad

Aquafina- TDS = 7- Very bad

The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead
With this, the companies have to set up just 1 plant and they are ready to roll.

But most companies are just making money by creating a false fear among the people, a pure case of CAPITALISM. Some companies actually sell mineral water like:

Qua- TDS = 180- Good, Rs. 100

Himalaya- TDS = 237- Very good, Rs. 59

Bisleri Vedika- TDS = 181- Good, Rs.60

but at pocket ripping prices. Once you have a TDS meter which you can buy easily for about Rs.120 to Rs.180, check the TDS of your tap water.

If you use RO technology, you will surely lose out on minerals but you have no choice due to poor water quality. You can add minerals to this water to some extent by storing the RO water in clay pots or copper jugs.

Clay and copper have a tendency to dissociate their minerals into the water retained in it.

How big companies are making money out of people's ignorance using cheap marketing tactics, 5 instances:

1. Some companies claim to provide you the purest water by giving you technologies like RO, UF, and NF all in one purifier. This is a joke. Once the water is passed through a strainer with smaller holes, what is the use of straining it again with a strainer with bigger holes?

The Truth About Mineral Water and How NOT to get Mislead

2. Another marketing gimmick is TDS Controller. TDS controller is nothing just a bypass valve (worth Rs. 50) that mixes a small amount of tap water with RO purified water to increase its TDS value. What is even the point of doing this!

3. Aluminum UV chambers: To earn profits and to win the competition by delivering water purifiers at the cheapest possible price, many companies have started to make UV chambers made from Aluminum and not food-grade stainless steel.

The problem with aluminum is that it releases aluminum oxides which are known to damage the brain. Also, a UV chamber must be placed horizontally to kill the bacteria and viruses more effectively.

4. Another marketing gimmick is the '7 stage or 14 stage filter process'. More filters don't mean more pure water. No matter how hard or impure the water is, it doesn't require more than 4 chambers:
  • Sediment filter
  • Carbon filter
  • Membrane
  • UV chamber
5. 'Alkaline cartridges' is another buzzword. RO water is slightly acidic, to curb this, the companies came up with the idea of alkaline cartridges which change the pH of water chemically which can be even more harmful to the human body.

Now you know the real game behind the enticing markets of water purifiers and how these companies are ripping packets out of the common man's fear and innocence. Now, you know the real game behind the enticing markets of water purifiers and how these companies are ripping packets out of the common man's fear and innocence.

Information Source: Gurman Kaur
Image Credits:
Image 1: Photo by PxHere
Other Images: Fittuber

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Any facts, figures or references stated here are made by the author & don't reflect the endorsement of iU at all times unless otherwise drafted by official staff at iU. This article was first published here on 23rd February 2023.

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